On October 12, 2022, the U.S. District Court for the Middle District of Florida blocked Jacksonville City Council and School Board maps that pack together Black residents, split Black communities, and deny them a fair voice in government. The preliminary injunction motion was brought as part of ongoing litigation, Jacksonville Branch of the NAACP v. City of Jacksonville, which challenges Jacksonville’s City Council and School Board maps as racial gerrymanders under the Fourteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution.
The litigation was filed on behalf of four local organizations — the Jacksonville NAACP Branch, the Northside Coalition of Jacksonville, the Northeast Chapter of the ACLU of Florida, and Florida Rising — and 10 individual residents. The case will proceed to a full trial, but in the meantime, the Court ordered the Jacksonville City Council to draw and implement newer, fairer maps in time for the scheduled City Council elections in March 2023. The Council submitted new maps for its review.
On November 18, 2022, the plaintiffs in the case submitted two proposed maps to the Court for its consideration. Under each map:
- Districts are logical and compact, as the City Charter requires.
- Lines respect neighborhoods, follow major geographic boundaries, and preserve genuine communities of interest.
- This map undoes the racial gerrymandering that has violated Black Jacksonville residents’ rights to equal protection of the laws, while also complying with the Voting Rights Act and protecting representation.
Additionally, the plaintiffs submitted a third map to the Court, P3. P3 can be viewed on Google Maps at this link.
Data files for all three maps are available for download here.